Unit 8: The Civil War

Essential Questions

  • What was the course of the Civil War?
  • What were its political, social, and economic ramifications?


A. The Presidency of Lincoln

  1. Personal leadership
  2. Opposition
  3. Emancipation Proclamation

B. Advantages and disadvantages of each side

  1. Advantages
    • South
      1. Military leadership
      2. Commitment of people to preserve their way of life
    • North
      1. Effective navy
      2. Larger army
      3. Manufacturing
      4. Agricultural production
      5. Transportation system
  2. Disadvantages
    • South
      1. Lacked manufacturing
      2. Lacked a navy
      3. Not prepared for war
    • North
      1. Lacked quality military leadership
      2. Not prepared for war
    • The military and political dimensions of the war
  3. Geographic factors influenced the war's progress and outcome— role of physical and other barriers
  4. Major campaigns evolved around a changing strategy on both sides
  5. Wartime problems and political issues
  6. Foreign policy maneuvering was crucial to the final outcome
    • Seward's concern with Mexico
    • Emancipation Proclamation as an element of foreign policy
  7. Technology of the war

C. New York State in the Civil War

  1. Military role
  2. Political opposition in New York City
  3. Conscription laws and draft riots
    • Undemocratic nature of the draft
    • Conscription as a factor in racism

D. Preservation of the Union

E. Abolition of slavery

  1. The Emancipation Proclamation
  2. Civil Rights and the 13th Amendment

F. Political power and decision-making

  1. Secession
  2. States' rights