Unit 9: Reconstruction

Essential Questions

  • What were the political, social, and economic effects of the Civil War?
  • What happened to the South after the Civil War?
  • What were the long-term economic, political, and social implications of Reconstruction


A. Preservation of the Union

B. Abolition of slavery

  1. The Emancipation Proclamation
  2. Civil Rights and the 13th Amendment

C. Political power and decision making

  1. Secession
  2. States' rights

D. Reconstruction—theory, practice, and termination

  1. Lincoln's plan
  2. Johnson's plan and Congressional opposition resulted in his impeachment
  3. Congressional Reconstruction
  4. Constitutional Amendments 14 and 15 guarantee equal rights for all races except Native American Indians
  5. Problems of economic and social reconstruction led to sharecropping as a substitute for slavery
  6. The official end of Reconstruction in 1877
  7. Segregation held legal: Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)

E. The enormous human suffering and loss of life caused by war