Unit 6: New Nation
- What political, economic, and social issues did the new nation confront under the Constitution?
- How did perspectives differ on the new nation's viability under the Constitution?
- What was Jacksonian democracy?
- How did Jackson's policies affect the political, economic, and social life of the nation?
- How was Jackson viewed by different groups of people?
A.Washington as President: precedents
B. Establishing stability
- Hamilton's economic plan
- The Whiskey Rebellion
- Preserving neutrality: the French Revolution, Citizen Genet, Jay, and Pinckney treaties
- Political parties
- Election of 1800
- Judicial review: Marbury v. Madison (1803)
C. Expanding the nation's boundaries
- Pinckney Treaty with Spain
- Louisiana Purchase
- War of 1812: guaranteeing boundaries
- Monroe Doctrine: sphere of influence
- Purchase of Florida
- Native American Indian concessions and treaties
D. Challenges to stability
- French and English trade barriers and the Embargo Act
- War of 1812: second war for independence
E. The Era of Good Feelings
- Clay's American system
- Internal expansion: new roads, canals, and railroads
- Protective tariffs
- National assertions: Marshall's decision, i.e., Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
- Extension of slavery by the Missouri Compromise
- Threats to Latin America: the Monroe Doctrine
- Disputed election of 1824
F. The age of the "common man"
- Expansion of suffrage
- Election of 1828
- Jackson: man, politician, President
- The "spoils system"
- New political parties
G. Jackson's Native American policy reflected frontier attitudes
- Some Native Americans resisted government attempts to negotiate their removal by treaty
- Government policy of forced removals (1820-1840) resulted in widespread suffering and death
- Native American Indian territory
H. Intensifying sectional differences
- Protective tariff, 1828
- Nullification controversy, 1828, 1832
- Clay's compromise tariff, 1833