Unit 7: Growth and Expansion
- How did social and economic life change as the United States began to move from an agrarian to an industrial society?
- How did geographic factors contribute to this change?
- How do statistics support historians as they research an era?
- What political, social, and economic factors caused the Civil War?
- What were the conflicting perspectives on slavery?
- What kind of nation did the founding fathers create?
- What is to be done with the institution of slavery?
- Must sectionalism ultimately lead to disunion?
A. Portrait of the United States, 1800
- Agriculturally based economy
- Urban centers on the coast
- Poor communication and transportation systems
- Regional difference
B. Patterns of community organization, work, and family life in agrarian America
C. Technological changes altered the way people dealt with one another
- Improved transportation made travel and communication easier
- Greater ties between communities were possible
- The Erie Canal and its impact
- Reasons for building the Erie Canal
- Technology involved in its construction
- Types and sources of labor: ethnic and racial labor force
- Results of building the Erie Canal
D. The impact of early industrialization and technological changes on work and workers, the family, and the community
- An increase in the production of goods for sale rather than personal use
- Increased purchasing of what was formerly produced at home
- Emergence of a new work ethic
E. Family roles changed, affecting society in general
- Changing role of women
- Childhood became a more distinct stage of life
- Roles of private agencies
F. Slavery and abolition
- Review the institution of slavery
- The meaning and morality of slavery
- Abolition movement
- Leadership (Harriet Tubman, Garrison, and others)
- Activities (e.g., freedom trail and the underground railroad)
G. Social changes
- Religious revival
- Women's rights
- Mental hospital and prison reform
H. An American culture begins to emerge
I. Portrait of the United States, 1860
- 1. Growth brought about many changes and regions—the spatial patterns of settlement in different regions in the United
- The size and shape of communities
- Environmental impacts due to development of natural resources and industry— human modification of the physical environment
- The diversity of people within the larger communities and regions
- The ability of the political system within communities to deal with deviance
- The Preindustrial Age took place at different times in different places
- Industrial base
- Increasing population
- Urban centered—"causes and consequences of urbanization"
- Agricultural base (cotton)
- Impact of Industrial Revolution on agriculture
- Increasing slave population
J. Territorial expansion and slavery
- The secession of Texas, 1836
- The Mexican War, 1846-1848
- Oregon Territory
- The westward movement and its effects on the physical, social, and cultural environments
K. The emotional impact of slavery
- Uncle Tom's Cabin
- John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry
- Fugitive slave laws
L. Failure of political compromise
- Compromise of 1850
- Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854
- Founding of the Republican Party, 1854-1856
- Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
- Lincoln-Douglas debate, 1858
- Election of 1860
- Firing on Fort Sumter, 1861